Modal Verbs and their Equivalents


Active Vocabulary

Illustrative Examples

Key Examples

Sentence Patterns

Чтение двусложных глаголов с ударением на втором слоге

Phonetical and Orthoepical Material

Information for Study

Lesson Thirteen (13)

Прослушайте и повторите за диктором английские слова в таблице 14.

Запомните таблицу.

Выполните упражнения 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 раздела А.


Таблица 14.


    ударный слог  
  безударный слог    


Глаголы (с изменяемыми приставками) sup¢pose  


Изменяемые приставки1 : con-, in-(en-), sub-, ob-, dis-, ex-, ad-.



Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое предложение.

Запомните их.


  He can ¢speak English. ¢Can he ¢speak English? He ¢can't ¢speak English. He could ¢speak English. You ¢must ¢speak ¢English in class. You ¢had to ¢speak ¢English in class. She may go. She might go.  



¢Can he ¢speak English?

Yes, he can. No, he can't.

¢Could he ¢speak English?

Yes, he could. No, he couldn't.

¢Will he be ¢able to ¢speak English?

Yes, he will. No, he won't.

¢Must he ¢translate this text?

Yes, he must. No, he mustn't (needn't).

¢Does he ¢have to ¢translate this text?

Yes, he does. No, he doesn't.

¢Did he ¢have to ¢translate this text?

Yes, he did. No, he didn't.

¢Will he ¢have to ¢translate this text?

Yes, he will. No, he won't.

¢May I ¢come into the room?

Do, please. No, you mustn't.

¢Might you ¢leave ¢Moscow for ¢St.-Petersburg in ¢two ¢days?

I think, I might. No, I might not.

¢Who can skate? I can.

¢What must you do?

¢When must we ¢leave the hotel?

¢Where should we stay?

¢Why ¢can't you ¢show me this letter?



  Nouns   Verbs   Adjectives   Adverbs   Word Combinations  
animal cattle East horse hotel lane North phone (telephone) road sign West allow can (could) drive may (might) must ought oblige should sing smell stay taste able careful wild quite You are welcome. It's a pity.


Прочтите и запомните материал раздела 1.4.


Table 30.

(Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты)


  Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты     Значение   Present   Past   Future
Can возможность, can could -
to be able (to) способность совершения действия am, is, are able (to) was, were able (to) shall, will be able (to)
May возможность совер- may might -
to be allowed (to) шения действия в зависимости от разрешения или вероятности am, is, are allowed (to) was, were allowed (to) shall, will be allowed (to)
must необходимость совершения действия, must - -
to have (to) необходимость совершения действия в зависимости от обстоятельства, have (to) has (to) had (to) shall, will have (to)
to be (to) необходимость совершения действия, заранее запланированного, по договоренности am (to) is (to) are (to) was (to) were (to)   -
should необходимость совершения действия should - -
ought (to) моральная необходимость совершения действия ought (to) - -
to be obliged (to) быть вынужденным что либо сделать am, is, are obliged (to) was, were obliged (to) shall, will be obliged (to)


Table 31.

  Affirmative     Interrogative   Negative  
  The Present Indefinite Tense    
I can swim. He must go there. You may smoke here.   I have to do.   Can you swim? Must he go there? May I smoke here?   Do I have to do? I cannot (can't) swim. He must not (mustn't) go there. He needn't go there.   I don’t have to do.
  The Past Indefinite Tense  
I could swim. I had to go there.   You might leave on Sunday.   I had to do. Could you swim. Did he have to go there? Might you leave on Sunday?   Did I have to do? I could not (couldn't) swim. He didn't have to go there.   I might not leave on Sunday.   I didn’t have to do.  
  The Future Indefinite Tense  
I shall be able to swim. He will have to go there.   Will you be able to swim? Will he have to go there?   I shall not be able to swim. He will not have to go there.